nd.gov - The Official Portal for North Dakota State Government
North Dakota: Legendary. Follow the trail of legends
Secretary of State, Elections and Voting North Dakota Secretary of State
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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Where do I vote on Election Day?

What are voting hours in North Dakota?

Who can vote?

When do eligible voters register for an election?

Is an individual required to provide identification to be able to vote?

What contests and issues are on the ballot?

How many North Dakota residents are registered to vote?

How many polling locations are there in North Dakota on Election Day?

How many ballots were cast by early voting in North Dakota before Election Day?

What voting equipment will voters use to cast their ballots?

If a voter has a question, is there a toll-free hotline number that the voter may call?

What is the best time to vote and avoid lines?

Are media cameras permitted inside a polling place?

Are there any rules that apply to media activity at a polling place?

What rules apply to bringing media cameras inside a polling place?

What are the guidelines for election observers inside the polling place?

What are the general guidelines and restrictions for candidates who wish to campaign outside of polling places on Election Day?

Is exit polling permitted in North Dakota?

Where and when will election results be available once the polls close?

Do absentee and provisional ballots count?

When does the Secretary of State's office certify Election Day results?

How may I obtain information from the state elections office on Election Day?


Q: Where do I vote on Election Day?
Election Day voting locations and early voting locations may be found through the Polling Place Search.
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Q: What are voting hours in North Dakota?
The voting hours in North Dakota vary by county. Polling place voting hours are available online through the Polling Place Search. A voter who is standing in line at the time the polls close will be allowed to vote. However, a voter who arrives after the polls close may not be allowed to vote. A statewide list of voting hours for each polling place may be found in the Statewide Polling Places and Precincts.
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Q: Who can vote?
To vote in North Dakota, a person must be:
  1. A United States citizen;
  2. At least 18 years old on the day of the election;
  3. A North Dakota resident; and
  4. A resident in the precinct for at least 30 days preceding the election.
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Q: When do eligible voters register for an election?
North Dakota does not require voter registration. Therefore, an eligible voter may vote in an election if the voter provides acceptable identification.
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Q: Is an individual required to provide identification to be able to vote?
Yes. Identification is required to verify a voterís residential address and date of birth. Acceptable forms of identification are a valid North Dakota:
  1. Driverís license
  2. Non-driverís identification card
  3. Tribal identification card
  4. Student identification certificate
  5. Long term care identification certificate
Q: What contests and issues are on the ballot?
Contests on the ballot vary by precinct. Ballot contest information based on a voterís residential address may be obtained from the Ballot Contest Search utility. Statewide ballot contest information is available from the Contest/Candidate List.
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Q: How many North Dakota residents are registered to vote?
North Dakota is the only state that does not have voter registration.
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Q: How many polling locations are there in North Dakota on Election Day?
This information is found in the document Statewide Polling Places and Precincts.
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Q: How many ballots were cast by early voting in North Dakota before Election Day?
The updated numbers are available on a daily basis through the Absentee, Vote by Mail, and Early Voting Statistics Report.
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Q: What voting equipment will voters use to cast their ballots?
A voter uses a paper ballot that is inserted into a scanner after the voter casts his or her ballot. Additional information is available online in the Voter Information Portal under the ďWhat Should I Know about Voting in North Dakota?Ē section.
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Q: If a voter has a question, is there a toll-free hotline number that the voter may call?
If a voter has a question, problem or concern while voting, the voter should first contact an election worker at the polling location so the problem may be resolved where and when it happens. Another resource to contact is the County Auditor. A voter may also contact the Secretary of Stateís Elections Unit at 701-328-4146 or toll free at 1-800-352-0867, ext. 328-4146.
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Q: What is the best time to vote and avoid lines?
Polls are usually the busiest in the morning and early evening when voters are going to and from work. Therefore, the best time to vote and avoid lines is mid-morning or mid-afternoon.
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Q: Are media cameras permitted inside a polling place?
Yes. Television cameras and the necessary lighting and equipment are permitted, but poll workers have full authority to regulate placement. To avoid surprises and make sure that election workers are prepared for media visits, media representatives are encouraged to contact the County Auditor in the county were the polling location is located.
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Q: Are there any rules that apply to media activity at a polling place?
When either within the polling location or within 100 feet from the entrance to the room containing a polling place, media should not:
  • Talk to voters who are in the process of checking in or casting their ballot.
  • Touch any official record, ballot or voting equipment.
  • Bring or ask any voter to bring campaign items or literature inside the polling place.
  • Interview voters about their choices.
  • Interfere with polling place officials or obstruct the election process.
  • Compromise the secrecy of a voterís ballot.
  • Talk on cell phones.
Texting is permitted inside a polling place, but not while voting. All telephone conversations must take place outside of the polling location. Please contact the County Auditor in the county were the polling place is located for additional rules.
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Q: What rules apply to bringing media cameras inside a polling place?
Photography is permitted in polling locations, but poll workers have full authority to regulate placement. Members of the media are asked to respect the rights of voters. All subjects who have a close-up picture taken must agree to such actions. Every voter has a right to cast a ballot in secrecy and in private. Please be aware that photography or videotaping inside a polling place may serve to intimidate voters who are exercising their right to vote. To avoid problems and to ensure that election workers are prepared for your visit, please contact the County Auditor in the county were the polling place is located.
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Q: What are the guidelines for election observers inside the polling place?
For the guidelines, see Election Observers. Poll checkers and challengers are no longer allowed.
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Q: What are the general guidelines and restrictions for candidates who wish to campaign outside of polling places on Election Day?
According to N.D.C.C. ß 16.1-10-03, they cannot be within 100 feet of the entrance to the polling location.
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Q: Is exit polling permitted in North Dakota?
Exit polling is allowed in North Dakota. An individual may conduct exit polls as long as the person adheres to the following requirements:
  • Remains outside of the room where voting is being done;
  • Does not ask the voters questions until they have left the polling location;
  • Informs voters that answering questions is voluntary.
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Q: Where and when will election results be available once the polls close?
The Secretary of State's office will immediately publish the unofficial election results for all North Dakota contests on election night on the Election Results Portal of its website when the County Auditors transmit the countyís election results to the ND Voting Information and Central Election Systems (ND VOICES).
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Q: Do absentee and provisional ballots count?
Yes. All eligible absentee ballots are counted. Since North Dakota does not have voter registration, provisional ballots are not necessary.
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Q: When does the Secretary of State's office certify Election Day results?
The State Canvassing Board will meet no later than 17 days following a primary, general or special election. The Board will certify the results of the election and authorize any necessary recounts during this meeting.
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Q: How may I obtain information from the state election office on Election Day?
Contact the Secretary of Stateís Elections Unit at 701-328-4146 or toll free at 1-800-352-0867, ext. 328-4146 or email soselect@nd.gov.
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